14 Different Types of Catfish - Express Fishings (2024)

If you’re ever curious about what kind of fish can swim under water and look like a real live catfish, then this guide is for you! We’ll discuss the different types of catfish and their unique characteristics.

Different Types of Catfish Explained

There are many different types of catfish that can be found in the wild, and some of them are quite spectacular. In this blog post, we will explore some of the most common types of catfish and their unique features. We will also provide some tips on how to identify these fish and how to care for them properly. Let’s get started!

The Largemouth Catfish:

The largemouth catfish is one of the most common types of catfish found in North America. This fish is typically brown or black in color, and can grow up to 30 inches long. The largemouth catfish is a bottom-dwelling species that feeds on aquatic creatures, such as crustaceans, worms, and other small fish. Largemouth catfish are easy to care for and are popular among hobbyists due to their large size and appetite for a wide variety of food.

The Blue Catfish:

The blue catfish is another popular type of catfish found in North America. This fish is typically blue or green in color, and can grow up to 36 inches long. The blue catfish is a top-dwelling species that feeds

Different Types of Catfish Species Share in Common

Despite their different appearances, all catfish species share some common characteristics. These fish are opportunistic feeders that consume a variety of items, including insects, smaller fish, and even other catfish. As a result, they are good candidates for home aquaria where they can be kept in mixed-species setups.

Negative Buoyancy

There are many different types of catfish, each with its own unique characteristics and place in the fish world. Some of the most popular types of catfish are the flathead catfish, the golden catfish, and the cory catfish.

Flathead catfish are perhaps the most popular type of catfish seen in North American waters. They have a broad head with a long snout and a round body that’s usually quite thin. They tend to grow quite large, up to 30 pounds or more, and can live as long as 10 years. Flathead catfish are bottom-dwelling fish that feed on worms, crustaceans, and other small creatures that live in or near the water’s surface.

Golden catfish are another type of popular catfish that’s seen throughout North America. They have a bright gold coloration on their body and scales that give them their name. Golden cats get their name from the fact that they often eat large amounts of insects, which gives them that distinctive flavor. These fish typically grow to around 18 inches or so in length but can reach well over 30 inches in size.

Catfish have a “smell and taste” for their skin

There are many different types of catfish, each with its own unique features. Some of the most popular types are the channel catfish, blue catfish, flathead catfish, and the golden catfish. Channel catfish are the most common type found in U.S. fisheries, but there are also several other species that can be found in American waters including the blue catfish, flathead catfish, and golden catfish.

Each type of catfish has a unique “smell and taste” for its skin. For example, the channel catfish has a smell that is described as being rank, while the blue catfish has a sweet smell that is often used to attract prey. The flathead and golden catfishes have a strong metallic smell that can be quite offensive to some people. Regardless of their smell, all three types of catfish have a strong flavor that is best enjoyed when cooked over an open flame or barbequed.

Catfish – Evolution and Life History of the Fish

The common catfish (Siluriformes: Ictalurus sp.) is most closely related to the genus Ictalurus which contains only one species, the walleye. Other genera within Siluriformes, such as Pteroclidus and Gymnarchus, also contain few or no catfish species. It has been hypothesized that the evolution of the catfish family occurred in Africa and diversified after spreading into Eurasia and North America.

Catfish are an ancient group of fish that have been around for over 400 million years! They first appeared during the Cambrian Period (~500-520 million years ago). At this time, they were living in shallow waters and swam in packs. Over time, they evolved into their present form – a solitary predator that lives in deep water.

The common catfish is a widespread inhabitant of many different types of rivers and lakes across North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. They feed on a variety of food items including insects, fish, crustaceans, and even small mammals!

Physical Characteristics

There are many different types of catfish found in the wild. Here are some of the more common ones:

  1. Blue catfish – These fish can reach a length of up to 24 inches and weigh up to 8 pounds. They have a blue or purple color and a distinctive row of black spots on their sides.
  2. Channel catfish – This type of catfish is the most popular in the United States. Channel catfish can grow up to 36 inches long and weigh more than 10 pounds. They have a slender body with a pointed head and barb-like teeth.
  3. Goldeye catfish – Goldeye catfish are one of the most popular types of catfish in Europe, Asia, and Africa. They can grow to be as large as 20 inches long and weigh more than 4 pounds. This fish has a dark brown or black body with yellow stripes down its sides.

The physical characteristics of different types of catfish can vary greatly, so it’s important to do your research before selecting one for your aquarium.

Size

Different Types of Catfish

There are many types of catfish, each with its own unique features and habits. Here are three common types: the largemouth bass, the smallmouth bass, and the spotted bass.

Largemouth Bass

The largemouth bass is the most common type of catfish in North America. They can grow to be up to 30 inches long and weigh up to 10 pounds. They are a versatile fish that can be caught in a variety of ways, including casting, fishing from a boat, and fly fishing. They prefer clear water with plenty of vegetation and will eat a variety of foods, including worms, insects, and crustaceans.

Smallmouth Bass

The smallmouth bass is smaller than the largemouth bass and has a wider head. They can grow to be up to 18 inches long and weigh up to 2 pounds. They are popular sport fish in many parts of the world and can be caught using a variety of methods, including fly fishing, spinning gear, and baitcasting. They prefer cooler waters with plenty of vegetation and will eat a variety of foods, including worms, insects, and crustaceans.

14 Different Catfish Types

There are many different types of catfish that can be found in freshwater and saltwater environments. Some of the most common types of catfish are the channel catfish, flathead catfish, bluegill, and largemouth bass. Here is a brief overview of each type of catfish.

  • Channel Catfish: Channel catfish are the most common type of catfish found in freshwater environments. They are also the largest type of catfish. Channel catfish have a broad head and a deep body. They can reach up to 3 feet long and weigh up to 30 pounds.
  • Flathead Catfish: Flathead catfish are found in both freshwater and saltwater environments. They have a broad head and a tapered body. Flathead catfish can reach up to 6 feet long and weigh up to 90 pounds.
  • Bluegill: Bluegill are found in both freshwater and saltwater environments. They have a thin head and body, and they are good swimmers. Bluegill can reach up to 18 inches long and weigh up to 2 pounds.
  • Largemouth Bass: Largemouth bass are the most commonly caught type of fish in freshwater environments. Largemouth bass

#1. Blue Catfish

Blue catfish are a type of catfish that can be found in many different areas across the United States. They are generally considered to be one of the best types of catfish to eat, as they have a mild flavor and are relatively easy to catch. Although they can be found in many different places, they are most commonly found in large rivers and streams.

#2. Channel Catfish

14 Different Types of Catfish - Express Fishings (1)

There are many different types of catfish, which means there are a lot of options for what type of catfish you might want to keep as a pet. Some popular types of catfish include the channel catfish, bluegill sunfish, and the largemouth bass.

Channel catfish are probably the most popular type of catfish kept as pets. They’re incredibly easy to care for and can be kept in just about any environment. Channel catfish are also some of the most avid eaters out there, so you’ll never have to worry about them going hungry.

Bluegill sunfish are another popular type of pet catfish. They’re a bit more difficult to care for than channel cats but still relatively straightforward. They’re also known for being some of the best feeders out there and will eagerly eat anything that’s put in front of them.

Largemouth bass are probably the least popular type of pet fish out there, but that doesn’t mean they’re not worth keeping as a pet. Largemouth bass are very peaceful fish and can be easily trained to do tricks or perform other functions.

#3. Flathead Catfish

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Flathead catfish are a type of catfish found in North America. They are a popular choice for beginner anglers, as they are relatively easy tocatch and release. Flathead catfish can reach sizes of up to 50 inches and weigh up to 24 pounds. They have a round head and flat body, making them easy to identify.

#4. Cory Catfish

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Different Types of Catfish

There are many different types of catfish, each with its own unique characteristics and behavior. Some typical catfish varieties include the Cory, the Black and White, the Mummichog, and the Largemouth Bass. Here’s a look at some of the most common and interesting catfish species.

Cory Catfish

The Cory is perhaps the most common type of catfish in North America. This fish is typically brown or black with a broad white stripe down its back. They are aggressive fighters and can grow up to 12 inches long.

Black and White Catfish

The Black and White is another popular variety of catfish. These fish can be black or silver with distinctive white stripes running down their back. They are generally docile but can be aggressive when defending their territory. Some people keep these fish as ornamentals, while others use them for fishing purposes.

#5. Glass Catfish

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#6. Glass Catfish

There are many different types of catfish, each with its own unique features and habits. Here are five of the most common types:

  • Glass Catfish: This type of catfish is named for its transparent body and bright eyes. They are one of the easiest catfish to keep, as they don’t require a lot of space and typically eat small insects and fish.
  • Rainbow Catfish: Also known as Pbwc or Pimelodella brevirostris, this type of catfish is colorful and typically has a long dorsal fin. They are typically found in slow-moving water and can be aggressive when defending their territory.
  • Blue Catfish: Also known as Ictalurus punctatus, this type of catfish is a popular choice among beginner fishkeepers because they are relatively easy to care for and are often very colorful. They like areas with plenty of vegetation and can grow to be quite large.
  • Channel Catfish: The channel catfish is one of the rarest types of catfish and is native to the Midwest and Southeast United States.

#7. Pictus Catfish

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There are many different types of catfish found in both fresh and salt water. Pictus catfish are a type of fresh water catfish that can grow up to 18 inches long and weigh up to 6 pounds. They have a reddish-brown back and white belly. The Pictus catfish is one of the most popular types of catfish because it has a mild, sweet flavor that is perfect for cooking.

#8. Catfish Upside Down

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There are many different types of catfish, each with its own unique characteristics. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at some of the most common types of catfish and what makes them special.

White Catfish

One of the most common types of catfish is the white catfish. These fish are often found in large numbers in slow-moving rivers and streams. They’re known for their fast swimming speed and their ability to remain submerged for long periods of time.

Channel Catfish

Channel catfish are another type of common catfish. These fish can be found in virtually any body of water, from small creeks to large rivers and lakes. Channel catfish are considered to be one of the most versatile types of fish, able to survive in a wide variety of environments.

Rainbow Catfish

Rainbow catfish are perhaps the most colorful type of catfish out there. These fish can be found in a variety of habitats, from slow-moving streams to fast-flowing rivers and lakes. Rainbow cats are known for their striking colors and their aggressive behavior when they’re hungry.

#9. Otocinclus Catfish

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The otocinclus catfish (Otocinclus hodgsoni) is one of the most common types of catfish found in North America. Otocinclus are tropical fish that inhabit slow-moving streams, rivers and lakes. They are peaceful and non-aggressive fish that make excellent additions to a community aquarium.

Some common features of the otocinclus catfish include a moderate size, a pointed snout and small eyes. The fish can reach up to 10 inches in length and can weigh up to 2 pounds. They have a variety of color patterns, but the most common is a light green with black spots. Some other common names for the otocinclus catfish include the tiger pleco, the hog-nosed pleco and the spotted pleco.

#10. Bristlenose Pleco

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There are many different types of catfish, but the bristlenose pleco is one of the most popular. These fish are known for their aggressive behavior and their ability to survive in a wide variety of water conditions. Bristlenose plecos are also one of the easiest fish to keep, and they make an excellent addition to any aquarium.

#11. Striped Raphael Catfish

Hi, I’m Stephanie and I own a small-scale commercial fishery for striped Raphael catfish. These fish are beautiful and very hardy, making them a great option for the beginner angler.

Striped Raphael catfish can be found throughout most of the southern United States, but they prefer warm water temperatures and plenty of vegetative cover on which to hide. They are excellent table fare, as well as good bait for larger catfish. When fishing for striped Raphael catfish, use soft plastic baits or lures in water that is slightly warmer than normal; these fish feed heavily at night and will take your bait right to the bank if you’re successful.

#12. Bumblebee Catfish

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There are many different types of catfish that can be kept in a home aquarium. Here we will discuss the bumblebee catfish, which is one of the more common types. Bumblebee catfish are native to the African and Middle Eastern rivers and can grow up to 4 inches long. These fish are interesting because they have two barbels on the lower lip that they can use to sense food in murky water. They also have a longtail fin that helps them maneuver in tight spots.

Bumblebee catfish are easy to keep and like a lot of room to swim and explore. They are best kept with other peaceful fish except for large cichlids that can eat them. They require occasional feedings of live or frozen foods and moderate water changes.

#13. Chinese Algae Eater

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There are many different types of catfish found in the freshwater fish world. Some of the more common types include the black bullhead, channel catfish, flathead catfish, green sunfish, yellow bullhead, and white bass. Chinese algae eater is one of the more unusual types of catfish that you may find.

Chinese algae eater is a type of Asian carp that was first discovered in the United States in 2006. These fish are unique because they are able to digest aquatic vegetation and other small organisms that other catfish would not be able to eat. This makes Chinese algae eater an important species for cleaning up aquatic ecosystems.

These fish can grow up to eight inches long and weigh between two and five pounds. They are best suited for medium to high water temperatures and can be found in many different rivers and lakes across North America.

#14. Wels Catfish

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Wels Catfish are a type of catfish found in the Midwest United States. They are a member of the tailed catfish family and have a unique body shape. Wels Catfish have a long, muscular tail that is used to sweep food into their mouths. They are also popular for their recreational fishing potential.

There are three different types of Wels Catfish: the channel catfish, the flathead catfish, and the golden bass. All three types have different characteristics that make them desirable for different reasons.

The channel catfish is the most common type of Wels Catfish. Channel catfish have a slender body with a long, muscular tail. They can reach up to 10 pounds and live in slow-moving streams and rivers. Channel catfish are good eaters, and they are sometimes farm-raised for human consumption.

The flathead catfish has a broad head and short body. Flathead catfish live in fast-moving streams and rivers, where they feed on small fish and crustaceans. They can reach up to 12 pounds and can be quite aggressive when feeding.

Last Thoughts

There are many different types of catfish, each with its own unique abilities and characteristics. Here are a few of the most common varieties:

  • Blue catfish: These fish can reach lengths of up to six feet, and they are especially adapted to live in fast-moving water. They are also the best choice for beginner anglers because they are relatively easy to catch.
  • Channel catfish: These fish live in rivers and streams and feed on small creatures such as minnows and worms. They can reach lengths of up to nine feet, making them the second-largest type of catfish.
  • Golden catfish: This type of catfish is typically found in larger ponds and lakes and feeds on fish, frogs, and other aquatic creatures. They can reach lengths of up to 18 inches and weigh as much as 50 pounds.
  • Brown bullhead: These fish live in slow-moving water near the bottom of rivers or streams and feed on insects, crustaceans, and other small invertebrates. They can reach lengths of up to three feet and weigh as little as two pounds.
14 Different Types of Catfish - Express Fishings (2024)

FAQs

What are the different types of catfishing? ›

8 Types of Catfish on Catfish
  • Opposite gender. ...
  • Revenge seeker. ...
  • Right gender, wrong face. ...
  • Right picture, wrong bio. ...
  • One of your friends, who means well. ...
  • Pickup Artists using the web as their Crossfit gym. ...
  • Catfished is also the Catfish. ...
  • They are exactly who they claim to be.
Aug 14, 2013

How many types of catfish are in the United States? ›

North American Catfish Species Overview

There are about 45 species. Members of this family have no scales on their bodies and have 8 barbels near their mouths. They can grow up to 1.6 meters/63+ inches and over 65 kilograms/140+ pounds, but many species are small, weighing up to half a kilogram or just over 1 pound.

What is the 7 classification of catfish? ›

Catfish are categorized under the Chordata phylum, Vertebrata subphylum, Actinopterygii class, Siluriformes order, and Mematognathi suborder. They also belong to the Ostariophysi superoder, which consists of the Cypriniformes, Characiformes, Gonorynchiformes, and Gymnotiformes.

How do I know what kind of catfish I caught? ›

Then taking a close look at the anal fin reveals the difference between blues and channels–the margin of the anal fin will be straight on blue catfish, curved outward on channels. Furthermore, channel catfish have 24-29 rays in the anal fin, blue catfish have 30-35.

Why is catfishing illegal? ›

The resulting relationships vary, but can turn into a method to defraud people of their money or assets. Catfishers and fraudsters may harm, intimidate, or threaten people as well. When the harm or fear becomes involved, Catfishing, online impersonation, is illegal under California law.

What makes catfishing illegal? ›

Though catfishing is deceptive and cruel, there are no specific laws against catfishing between adults. Still, catfishing can quickly become a crime if the catfish: Uses copyrighted or trademarked material. Commits identity theft.

What is the rarest type of catfish? ›

The cave catfish (Clarias cavernicola) is a critically endangered species of airbreathing catfish. This cavefish is only known to live in the Aigamas cave, Otjozondjupa region, Namibia. It has also been reported from the nearby Dragon's Breath Cave.

What state has the best catfish? ›

Alabama tops the list of must-visit states for many big-cat aficionados. In recent years, waters like Wheeler, Wilson and Pickwick lakes on the Tennessee River have become world renowned for producing huge blue cats, including several exceeding 100 pounds.

What is the nickname for catfish? ›

More than half of all catfish species can be found in the Americas. Since they're so popular here, it makes sense that we've developed more than a few nicknames for catfish over the years. You might hear catfish referred to as “mudcats,” “polliwogs,” or “chuckleheads” in the southern United States.

What is a catfish slang? ›

A catfish isn't just a fish with whiskers. It's a term for a person who pretends to be someone else online. A catfish uses fake photos, and sometimes a false persona, to find friends or romantic partners on the internet. Reasons someone may choose to catfish include: ●Poor self-esteem.

What are 5 interesting facts about catfish? ›

Catfish are known for their whiskers, or barbels, which help them taste and smell. Most catfish are toothless omnivores and range in size from around 10 feet long to the size of a toothpick. Catfish are found mainly in freshwater and are on every continent except Antarctica.

What is the hardest catfish to catch? ›

Mekong Giant Catfish — Arguably the hardest-fighting and most powerful of all catfish, the Mekong also has the distinction of being the largest verified catfish.

Can I eat catfish I caught? ›

Although some species of fish are high in mercury, catfish rank as one of the lowest. For this reason, the FDA ranks catfish among the healthiest fish to eat.

What is the secret to catching catfish? ›

Lures: While some anglers have success using lures, most catfish anglers prefer to use live bait. Minnows, cut baitfish, liver, grasshoppers, night crawlers, or even hotdogs or cheese work great for bullheads and channel catfish. Blue catfish and flatheads prefer live sunfish or shad.

What are three signs that you are being catfished? ›

How can I spot a catfish?
  • They want to know your personal details. ...
  • Conversations that get personal very quickly. ...
  • You can't find any trace of them online. ...
  • They ask you for money. ...
  • They ask you to keep your relationship secret. ...
  • They avoid face-to-face contact. ...
  • Their stories don't add up.

How do you know if someone is catfishing you? ›

5 signs someone might be a catfish
  1. They ask lots of questions about you but avoid answering questions about themselves.
  2. They seem a bit too… perfect.
  3. They always have a reason why they can't meet up.
  4. They're not keen on video chats.
  5. Their stories don't quite add up.

What are the three main species of catfish? ›

Blue catfish, channel catfish, and flathead catfish are the three primary species of catfish in the United States. They are also the most sought-after species. Most rivers lakes and reservoirs and the United States have populations of at least one of these species of catfish.

Can you tell if someone is catfishing you? ›

If the profile has no other accounts with the same name, it is likely a catfish. If the person does have other accounts, look into details, like their friendships and the engagement on their photos.

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